14th Amendment passed: Oscar Dunn inaugurated  Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana

On June 13, 1866 the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting citizenship to African Americans was passed by Congress. Two years later, on the same day, Oscar James Dunn was elected Lieutenant-Governor of Louisiana. Dunn, a Radical Republican was the highest elected African American at the time and was instrumental in establishing public education in Louisiana. He actively supported universal suffrage, fought for jobs for newly freed slaves and established the People’s Bakery, owned by the Louisiana Association of Workingmen. Over 50,000 people attended his funeral in New Orleans.


Joelle Fishman
Joelle Fishman

Joelle Fishman chairs the Connecticut Communist Party USA. She is a Commissioner on the City of New Haven Peace Commission, serves on the executive board of the Alliance of Retired Americans in Connecticut and is an active member of many economic rights and social justice organizations. She was a candidate for Congress from 1973 to 1982, maintaining minor-party ballot status for the Communist Party in Connecticut's Third Congressional District. As chair of the CPUSA Political Action Commission, she has played an active role in the broad labor and people's alliance that defeated the ultra-right in the 2008 elections and continues to mobilize for health care, worker rights and peace.