“La Razón Blindada”: Political theatre en español speaks to everyone
From left, Jesús Castaños-Chima and Tony Durán / Juan Tallo

LOS ANGELES—Political theatre is bustin’ out all over the place these days. The dramatic emergence of new authoritarian movements around the world, and just as surely the radical possibilities opened up by the global Resistance, offer rich fodder for artistic response. It’s hard these days to have a conversation about almost anything without the current conditions affecting our thinking.

The spunky 24th Street Theatre has brought back one of its highly successful ventures from 2010, the award-winning two-character play La Razón Blindada (“Armored Reason”). It’s the company’s 20th season, which they’ve themed “Speaking Up/Standing Up.” Next March and April they’re presenting a world premiere play ICE about immigration and what it means to be American. And in between, a Day of the Dead event, a weekend of community-based theatre, and a holiday production.

La Razón Blindada is a feast for eye, ear and intellect, though far from glitzy spectacle. It is an appropriately intimate piece of theatre featuring two political prisoners who are allowed to interact with one another for one hour a week, but must remain seated in their chairs at a table and never stand—although the direction exuberantly expands upon what can be defined as “chair,” “table,” “seated,” and even “prison.” This play could literally be labeled “theatre on wheels.”

This heartrending exaltation of the human mind under duress emerges from the brain of Argentine playwright Arístides Vargas, who also directs. Vargas derived some of his inspiration from testimonies from his brother Chicho Vargas and other political prisoners held in Rawson Prison during Argentina’s “Dirty War” of the 1970s under President Jorge Videla (later convicted of crimes against humanity, disappearances, torture and murder).

Prison is not an unfamiliar setting for drama, even musicals. In The Island, the 1973 play by South African playwright Athol Fugard, two cell mates on the notorious Robben Island rehearse and stage Sophocles’ Antigone, an ancient Greek drama about the meaning of justice, with unmistakable reference to Nelson Mandela and others incarcerated for their part in the fight against apartheid. (I treasure the unforgettable gift of seeing this play in Johannesburg in 2013.) There’s also Nuyorican poet/playwright Miguel Piñero’s 1972 Short Eyes, about New York’s notorious Tombs. And, among others as well, there’s Kiss of the Spiderwoman, the flamboyant 1990 musical adaptation of Manuel Puig’s 1976 novel. In all of these, prisoners are given space to fantasize, invent, tell stories, to lift themselves and their fellow inmates out of the bleak hopelessness of incarceration. After all, as they agree, “What never took place cannot die.”

Vargas learned that the Rawson Prison inmates did just that for themselves. A common denominator for all educated Latin Americans is the classic Spanish novel Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, published in two volumes in 1605 and 1615. Don Quixote is considered the most influential work of literature from the entire Spanish literary canon, and among the world’s best-known literary achievements.

The novel’s complete title is El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha, which lends additional layering to the political prisoner context of the play. “Ingenioso”means “ingenious,” but also “witty,” “talented,” or “clever,” and these are the qualities of storytelling invention that the playwright summons forth in his two characters, De La Mancha (Jesús Castaños-Chima) and Panza (Tony Durán). Who are also “hidalgos” of a sort—not noblemen by birth but high-minded “sons of something”—the original meaning of “hidalgo”—in their profession of democracy against Argentina’s or any country’s dictatorship.

Even the idea of “La Mancha” is exploited in the scenography—it refers to the dry but fertile plateau of central Spain, south of Madrid, as in the well-known musical Man of La Mancha. Projections during the play locate the setting in isolated Patagonia, where the maximum security Rawson Prison stands, far from Argentina’s urban centers and cut off from visitors.

A third source for Vargas’s play is “The Truth About Sancho Panza” by Franz Kafka, a short story published after Kafka’s death, which posits that Quixote’s sidekick and manservant Sancho Panza was the true storyteller in the relationship between the two men, the author and creator of Don Quixote the character. It is certainly true that in the play the Panza character bears fully equal weight with his co-prisoner, and perhaps could be considered the funnier, earthier and more perceptive of the two. His peroration on “man’s best friend”—the dog—is worth the price of admission alone, though I guess I should properly, bilingually, call it perro-ration.

The 90-minute piece loosely divides into four successive Sundays when the two men meet and entertain one another. Each encounter gives us new insights into their personalities, novel theatrical exploits, a host of fresh metaphors, and fantastic flights of imagination that transport them, and us, into lyrical, illusory realms thankfully far removed from the prison’s repressive walls. They aim to “invent a madman to save us from this horror,” since for them “everything is real except reality.” In an epigraph no doubt meant to shake up the conscience of the audience, Vargas says, “Inside, you are a prisoner of injustice; outside you are a prisoner of ignorance.”

Not surprisingly, this production, originally developed while Vargas was in exile in Ecuador, has traveled around the U.S. as well as to several cities in Mexico, El Salvador, Colombia and Ecuador.

La Razón Blindada is presented in Spanish with English supertitles, perhaps not the ideal situation for theatre (except for native Spanish speakers, of course), but we watch subtitled films with little complaint, don’t we? Don’t let that hold you back. You certainly don’t need to understand Spanish to thoroughly relish the enactment of Cervantes’ famous windmill scene. In any case, as Quixote observes, “In this country [and we don’t really know which country he is speaking about] to have reason is tragic.”

The musical accompaniment is particularly effective, capturing the elusive nature of this almost dreamlike narrative: It’s Gabriel Fauré’s evocative Elegy, opus 24, originally for cello and piano. Was Vargas aware that the 1901 world premiere of the orchestral version featured Pablo Casals as the soloist, the preeminent musician who refused to visit or perform in his native Spain so long as the fascist Generalísimo Francisco Franco remained in power?

La Razón Blindada has just a few remaining performances at the 24th Street Theatre: Sat., Oct. 14 at 3 pm and 7:30 pm, and Sun., Oct. 15 at 3 pm, at the 24th Street Theatre, 1117 W. 24th St. (at Hoover Ave.), Los Angeles 90007. For tickets call (213) 745-6516 or go to www.24thstreet.org. The play will be restaged for 5 performances during Encuentro de las Américas, an international theatre festival at the L.A. Theatre Center, Sun., Nov. 5 at  2 pm and 7 pm, Sun., Nov. 12 at 5:30 pm, and Sat., Nov. 18 at 2 pm and 8 pm.

This masterwork of Latin American theatre, marvelously performed, should not be missed!


CONTRIBUTOR

Eric A. Gordon
Eric A. Gordon

Eric A. Gordon is the author of a biography of radical American composer Marc Blitzstein, co-author of composer Earl Robinson’s autobiography, and the translator (from Portuguese) of a memoir by Brazilian author Hadasa Cytrynowicz. He holds a doctorate in history from Tulane University. He chaired the Southern California chapter of the National Writers Union, Local 1981 UAW (AFL-CIO) for two terms and is director emeritus of The Workmen's Circle/Arbeter Ring Southern California District. In 2015 he produced “City of the Future,” a CD of Soviet Yiddish songs by Samuel Polonski.

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