On April 8, 1898 singer, actor, civil rights and labor leader, peace activist and athlete Paul Robeson was born.
Due to his actions and beliefs the notorious anti-Communist, Sen. Joseph McCarthy and his witch-hunting committees persecuted him, and he had his passport revoked.
At a 100th anniversary of his birth celebration in 1998, Jarvis Tyner, executive vice chair of the Communist Party USA, called Robeson “a great fighter for equality and world peace, a genius who gave his heart and soul to the people.”
Tyner said of Robeson: “He embraced all the advanced ideas of the CPUSA, the need for a socialist transformation of society, for unity of Black, brown and white. If you look at this writings and you know the party’s history and policies, he was an important figure, helping to give leadership in the party’s formulation of its policies.
Robeson‘s father, a runaway slave, graduated from Lincoln University, and his mother came from an abolitionist Quaker family.
Robeson attended Rutgers University on a four-year academic scholarship. He won 15 varsity letters and was twice named to the All-American football team. He became Phi Beta Kappa in his junior year and graduated as valedictorian.
At Columbia Law School, Robeson met and married Eslanda Caroza Goode, who became the first Black woman to head up a pathology lab. He took a job in a law firm, but reportedly left when a white secretary refused to take dictation from him.
He then shifted gears and launched into an acting and singing career.
Robeson, as an actor and a singer, backed striking workers, supported the peace movement and was a strong advocate for friendship with rather than enmity toward the Soviet Union.
Because of this he was hauled before the House Un-American Activities Committee led by the infamous Sen. McCarthy. Robeson refused to be broken by the committee and was quoted as saying: “The artist must elect to fight for freedom or for slavery. I have made my choice. I had no alternative.”
Sixty of his concerts were cancelled, and in 1949 two interracial outdoor concerts in Peekskill, N.Y. were attacked by racist mobs. “I’m going to sing wherever people want me to sing,” Robeson responded, “and I won’t be frightened by crosses burning in Peekskill or anywhere else.”
Upon his death in 1976, at a memorial meeting in Harlem, New York the lines waiting to get in stretched for blocks with thousands waiting for hours. In the Soviet Union a mountain was named after him.
In 200 a postage stamp was issued in his honor. The stamp, bearing his portrait, has inscribed on it: “An incomparable artist and singer, human rights advocate, scholar and athlete and defender of Black freedom.”
Photo: September 1942, Paul Robeson, world famous baritone, leading Moore Shipyard [Oakland, CA] workers in singing the Star Spangled Banner, at their lunch hour recently, after he told them: “This is a serious job—winning this war against fascists. We have to be together.” Source: Still Picture Records Section, Special Media Archives Services Division (NWCS-S), National Archives at College Park, MD.