Jack London, novelist and passionate advocate of labor unions, socialism, and the rights of workers, was born 140 years ago.
In the same year Italian writer Alberto Moravia died in his Rome apartment at 82, his autobiography, "Vita di Moravia" was published.
Kesey is best remembered for his novels "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest"and"Sometimes a Great Notion."
Ernest Hemingway (July 21, 1899 - July 2, 1961) was one of America's most popular authors.
He would become one of America's great postwar authors, examining complex urban antiheroes at war with the society they live in.
An almost unknown dimension of his amazing career, discovered by his heirs only after his death in 2004, was Hoff's work for left-wing periodicals in the '30s.
She won a National Book Critics Circle prize for "Hateship, Friendship, Courtship, Loveship, Marriage," and is a three-time winner of the Governor General's prize.
Author Chinua Achebe, who revolutionized literature concerning Africa with his groundbreaking novel, "Things Fall Apart," inspired generations of African writers.