Communist Party of Egypt resumes open political activities

On March 15, the Communist Party of Egypt announced that after many years underground because of repression, it will be assuming open, public political activities once more.

The announcement came after "an extensive meeting with all of its bodies" and was unanimous.

The original Communist Party of Egypt, the Hizb al Shuvuci al-Misri had been founded in 1922, when Egypt was still a monarchy and very much under the thumb of British imperialism. The last king of Egypt, Farouk, was overthrown by an uprising of young army officers in 1952. Out of that revolution came the 14-year regime of Colonel Gamel Abdel Nasser, a radical nationalist who worked to break Egypt away from subservience to Western capitalist powers. In 1965, the Communist Party of Egypt merged into Nasser's own movement, the Arab Socialist Union.

A number of former Communist Party activists dissented from this merger and formed their own independent journal, Al-Inisar (Victory), starting in 1973, which led to their re-founding the Communist Party in 1975. Under the governments of Anwar Al Sadat and Hosni Mubarak, the re-founded Communist Party of Egypt faced repression and was not allowed to run in elections. However, it did not disappear and did not abandon the struggle for democracy and socialism.

When the demonstrations against the Mubarak regime began earlier this year, the Communist Party of Egypt, working in unity with other left-wing dissident groups, quickly gained public visibility as a key voice in the secular opposition. Its Feb. 1 proclamation read as follows:

The revolution will continue until the demands of the masses are fulfilled

Statement issued by the Communist Party of Egypt

February 1, 2011 -- The moment of truth is approaching. This is the decisive moment for the Egyptian popular forces for change; to topple the Mubarak regime. It seems that the imperialists, and their American masters in particular, are lifting their hands from him after the continuation of revolution everywhere in Egypt.

Today millions emerge to demand the departure of Mubarak. They will prevent all the conspiracies of the dictator and his gang of spies to thwart the revolution and overcome them.

The formation of a committee, which enjoys the confidence of the people and the demonstrators, is crucial to achieve the demands of the political, economic and social revolution, and we emphasise the basic demands presented by the national forces to the deputies of the people's parliament:

1. Dismissal of Mubarak and the formation of a presidential council for a transitional period of limited duration.

2. Forming a coalition government to administer the country during the transitional period.

3. To convene the election of a constituent assembly to draft a new constitution for the country based on the principle of the sovereignty of the nation and ensure the devolution of power within the framework of a democratic just civil state.

4. Prosecute those responsible for hundreds of deaths and injuries of revolutionary martyrs and victims of oppression as well as ensuring the prosecution of those responsible for plundering the wealth of the Egyptian people.

5. Long live the revolution of the Egyptian people!

Although some of these goals have been achieved, such as the dismissal of Mubarak, obviously others will have to be the focus of intensive struggle, and the situation in Egypt is hardly stable. This is why the Party has decided to reorganize itself as a public political force. The Communist Party of Egypt is involved in various discussions with other democratic parties and organizations about the future of the Egyptian nation.

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  • Greetings from Great Britain to comrades in USA, and also to those who have re-established the CP in Egypt. Long live revolutionaries - EVERYWHERE!

    Posted by Karl Dallas, 03/28/2011 4:50pm (3 years ago)

  • The genuine leadership of Egyptian women in the on going dialectic and each transformative synthesis is essential. Genuine, neither token nor self servingly self nor sweetheart appointed; women respected by other women who were more active in the days before and during the time you drove Mubarak out and among these, those who listen most openly and hear the women who not had the good fortune to receive formal education but have struggled in silence to raise their sons and daughters to serve those even less fortunate than themselves. Revolutionary women who respect and are respected by women who wear jeans and neither hajib nor veil, and women who do and will continue to.
    That the example of such women prevail over opportunism is key to consolidate your revolutionary victory for Egypt and all humanity.
    "they serve themselves most in the long run who first serve others more"
    The communist advances the christian and muslim faith in this, not by martyrdom, but by persisting to "make it so" empirically that others may do likewise. The communist does not become rich and famous, but enjoys the standard of living and respect to which she has helped raise her fellow women and men.

    Posted by Peggy Dobbins, 03/25/2011 9:21am (3 years ago)

  • Great info!
    I visited their web page about a week ago. Fortunately their info is a mix of arabic and english. If we are able to get more info translated we will gladly pass it on.

    Based on personal conversations I had with friends and family there, I believe that many folks view themselves as populists.

    They state that their view is shaped by the Islamic concept of shura(consensus building) and promoting the best solutions for the overall society. Unfortunately, such democratic principles have been virtually crushed for almost two hundred years.

    From my observation, the Egyptians manage to carry on the tradition of shura in more personal and private matters within smaller communities. They have been left alone as long as their activities do not promote opposition to the affairs of the state. I have also been impressed with how the Egyptians have also managed to maintain good relations across religious lines. Overall they are a sweet, kind people that just yearn for better times.

    I gather from my conversations that their greatest fear is that the ruling class and the more radical elements of the Ikwan Al-Muslimeen(Islamic Brotherhood) will cut off a national dialogue that has been evolving for some time.

    We all know the ruling class for what they are, but the Ikwan are a mixed bag. Some have all the best intentions and some I have talked to are really similiar to the ultra religous right in the U.S. We cannot discount the fact that the Ikwan really do have a strong following despite being virtually banned. The concerns are real but we all hope the younger generation there will bring fresh ideas and a better way to the society.

    I have not really discussed the socialist movements with them. People there are still cautious when discussing such views. For now I can only conclude that the inclusion of Egyptian Communist Party can only serve to enhance the political discussions there and hopefully lead to serious changes. All things considered, the potential for them is huge!

    Posted by Mike Greer, 03/24/2011 10:38pm (3 years ago)

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