In a scenario possible only under California's bizarre budgeting process, the state's general services budget is now in the hands of a ballot measure to temporarily tax high personal incomes to fund education.
Orval Faubus tried to prevent schools in Little Rock from integrating, despite the fact that the Supreme Court had ordered the desegregation of public schools three years prior.
"We didn't start this fight; the assault on public education started here and it needs to end here," declared Karen Lewis, president of the Chicago Teachers Union.
A sea of red-shirted teachers, other public workers, parents, community residents and students joined in a massive show of solidarity in Chicago on Labor Day as teachers prepare for a possible strike Sept. 10.
The vice president was introduced by Jill Biden who taught for 13 years in a public high school and continues teaching full time at Northern Virginia Community College, even as she serves as the "Second Lady."
AFT President Randi Weingarten began her keynote address to 3,000 delegates as the AFT opened its national convention. She drew a standing ovation.
The AFT will launch an all-out drive against school systems' overdependence on high-stakes testing as a measure of student progress.
With Chicago teachers facing a hostile mayor and Chicago Board of Education in negotiations for a new contract, 90% of teachers union members have voted to authorize a strike.
A new faculty union was certified by the Oregon Employment Relations Board shortly after the university's administration dropped legal objections it had filed.
The AFT, like a number of other unions, had already endorsed President Barack Obama before this meeting.