An activist, showman, and cultural icon, Ali was stripped of his title a few years later for refusing to fight in Vietnam.
By that time deputy national president of the ANC, Mandela helped to form Spear of the Nation, the armed wing of the Congress.
Harry S. McAlpin made history when he became the first African American journalist admitted to a White House press conference.
Bob Marley, who introduced reggae to the world and gave voice to the passion of oppressed people, was born 68 years ago in the Jamaican village of Nine Mile.
On this day in 1938, 12,000 pecan shellers in San Antonio, Texas, went on strike in 400 locations.
Nearly 1,100 burials were delayed after negotiations between the two groups broke down and workers were locked out of the association's 26 cemeteries.
The workers were protesting not just their low pay but also the intolerable working conditions on an important canal construction project.
Robinson was the first African American to play major league baseball
The court ruled that U.S. citizens could be imprisoned without probable cause and denied their right to habeas corpus during a time of "insurrection."