In the depths of the Great Depression, some 500 farmers marched into the town of England, Ark., to demand food for their starving families.
On this day, in 1872 John Roy Lynch, an African American former slave, was elected speaker of the Mississippi House.
It was the first attempt to found a national miner's union.
On this day in 1921 the Supreme Court, led by Chief Justice William Howard Taft, declared that picketing was unconstitutional.
On this day in 1983, a 47-day strike against Greyhound by its workers, members of the Amalgamated Transit Union, ended.
On this day in 1830, the trial of nearly 350 agricultural workers began in England.
President Roosevelt lifted the "military-necessary exclusion" of Japanese Americans from the West Coast, marking the beginning of the end of a shameful chapter of U.S. history.
Gompers died December 13, 1924. He served as president of the American Federation of Labor from 1886 to 1894 and from 1895 to his death.
On this day in 1906, the first ever sit-down strike in American history took place at the General Electric plant in Schenectady, N.Y.
Canadian workers joined the union a year after it was formed, at which point it came to be called the International Union of Steam Engineers.