The NYC police, on Jan. 13, 1874, overran a demonstration by thousands of unemployed in Tompkins Square Park in the neighborhood now called the East Village.
As recently as 2011, Hawking remarked, "Scientists have become the bearers of the torch of discovery in our quest for knowledge."
On this day in 1891, Zora Neale Hurston, novelist and folklorist, was born. She is seen as one of the most important black writers in American history.
On January 6, 1878: Pulitzer Prize-winning poet and author Carl Sandburg was born in Galesburg, Illinois.
On January 2, 1800 the Philadelphia black community petitioned Congress to rescind the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793.
On December 19, 1907, 239 workers died in a coal mine explosion. This same day in 1984, 27 workers at Wilberg Mine died in Orangeville, Utah.
Eventually the organization was able to expand into areas of social and political development for blacks in Chicago and across the nation.
At 10:35 a.m. on this day in 1903, Orville Wright flew the Flyer over 120 feet of ground for 12 seconds.
William Lloyd Garrison, one of the nation's most outstanding abolitionist leaders, was born Dec. 12, 1805, in Newburyport, Mass.
1907 was a particularly troubling year in West Virginia, during which a total of 3,242 people were killed in mining accidents.