Nuclear treaty makes fresh START for peace

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The New START Treaty aimed at reducing U.S. and Russian nuclear stockpiles, signed by President Obama Feb. 2, will come into effect on Saturday. While many, including the president, have pointed out that the treaty is only a step along the road to ridding the world of nuclear weapons, it will, in less than a decade, reduce both nations' arsenals to their lowest levels since the 1950s.

"Within the next 60 days," said a letter released by the Friends Committee on National Legislation, "the U.S. and Russia will resume on-site nuclear inspections and resume the process of reducing the number of deployed nuclear weapons in each country's arsenal."

Despite shortcomings in the treaty, its ratification during Congress's lame-duck session was a victory for President Obama and the peace movement. The Republican Party, alarmed at any reduction in the number of American nuclear weapons, fought to scuttle New START.

The agreement, officially the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, will compel Russia and the U.S. to reduce the number of active nuclear warheads to 1,550. According to White House information, "This limit is 74 percent lower than the limit of the 1991 START Treaty and 30 percent lower than the deployed strategic warhead limit of the 2002 Moscow Treaty."

The 1991 START treaty expired in 2009, and the Moscow Treaty is set to expire in 2012.

In addition, the treaty calls for a combined limit of non-deployed 800 launchers for the warheads. Included under this limit are intercontinental ballistic missiles, submarine launched ballistic missiles and "heavy bombers equipped for nuclear armament." In addition, 700 deployed missile launchers are allowed - less than half of what was allowed under the 1991 treaty.

The treaty does not, however, rule out "missile defense" systems, ostensibly aimed at protecting the United States from nuclear assaults by foreign powers. However, such defense would require American missiles - the purpose of which would be to intercept ICBMs speeding towards the U.S. - in bases around the world. This is scene by many countries, including Russia and China, as an aggressive move. Russia feels particularly threatened, as the missiles would be placed close to its borders in countries with whom it shares hostile relations.

In a letter to Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, Republican Sens. John Kyl of Arizona, James Risch of Idaho, Mark Kirk of Illinois and James Inhofe of Oklahoma said, "The Republic of Georgia's geographic location would make it an ideal site for a missile defense radar aimed at Iran."

Russia fears that such defense systems have as much to do with boxing it in as with any perceived Iranian threat.

Still, most of the world sees New START as a huge step forward.

"This is a salutary achievement, an important step forward towards broader nuclear disarmament and I also welcome President Medvedev's call for further reductions in stockpiles of strategic weapons," said Tibor Tóth, Executive Secretary of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization.

According to the FCNL, as well as a bipartisan grouping of elected officials, peace advocates and others, is ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, which would, as its name implies, ban any further testing of nuclear weapons.

"The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty bans all nuclear explosions by everyone, everywhere: on the Earth's surface, in the atmosphere, underwater and underground," reads an explanation by the CTBT organization, which was set up to prepare for implementation of the CTBT.

The vast majority of states in the world - 182 - have signed on to the CTBT, including the United States. However, only 153 countries have actually ratified it - not including the U.S. And while 153 countries have ratified the treaty, it cannot enter into force until all 44 nations listed in the treaty's Annex II - those states that possessed nuclear weapons or nuclear reactors as the treaty was being negotiated - ratify.

According to the CTBTO, "Of the 44 countries that have to ratify the treaty for entry into force, 35 have already done so." Consequently, the world is waiting for those who haven't signed - China, North Korea, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Pakistan and the United States - for the treaty to become effective. Indonesia has recently started the ratification process.

Most of the countries that haven't signed say that they will do so if the United States does. Consequently, anti-nuclear activists argue that the United States has the power to pave the way for a completely nuclear weapon-free world.

"The Obama Administration will continue to lay the groundwork for positive U.S. Senate consideration of the CTBT, working closely with the Senate, and to bolster international support for the treaty," Rose Gottemoeller, assistant secretary of the State Department's arms control bureau, told the international Conference on Disarmament Jan. 27 in Geneva.

But while, according to Gottemoeller, "the Obama Administration will continue to lay the groundwork for positive U.S. Senate consideration of the CTBT," ratification will be difficult, especially given the results of the 2010 elections. Consequently, say anti-nuclear activists, a stronger grassroots push in support of the CTBT is necessary.

Photo: Whitehouse.gov

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  • The War
    BY
    Lord Alfred Tennyson

    There is a sound of thunder afar,
    Storm in the south that darkens the day,
    Storm of battle and thunder of war,
    Well, if it do not roll our way.
    Form! form! Riflemen form!
    Ready, be ready to meet the storm!
    Riflemen, riflemen, riflemen form!

    Be not deaf to the sound that warns!
    Be not gull'd by a despot's plea!
    Are figs of thistles or grapes of thorns?
    How should a despot set men free?
    Form! form! Riflemen form!
    Ready, be ready to meet the storm!
    Riflemen, riflemen, riflemen form!

    Let your Reforms for a moment go,
    Look to your butts and make good aims.
    Better a rotten borough or so,
    Than a rotten fleet or a city of flames!
    Form! form! Riflemen form!
    Ready, be ready to meet the storm!
    Riflemen, riflemen, riflemen form!

    Form, be ready to do or die!
    Form in freedom's name and the Queen's!
    True, that we have a faithful ally,
    But only the devil knows what he means!
    Form! form! Riflemen form!
    Ready, be ready to meet the storm!
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    Posted by martin, 02/24/2011 9:18pm (4 years ago)

  • Conversion of nuclear capacity to anti-nuclear and peace capacity is a need,even a necessity,as catastrophic events like physical eathquakes,and human earthquakes,like wars,civil wars,climatological events(deep freezes,famines,unprecedented heat waves),force humanity together to cooperated as a result of centuries of capitalism's industrial abuse of mother earth,along with earth's inhabitants,the working class.
    The peace movement has to leave the drawing rooms and towers and come to the cities,counties,homes,schools,ghettos,barrios,suburbs,churches,mosques and synagogues of the workers and their friends.
    The Oval Office,State Department,the Senate must not stop pushing toward nuclear disarmament,and therefore must push this struggle to the Main Streets throughout the land and let the robust people of the U.S. work-up work out the problem of converting war to peace.
    Why can't CTBT,CTBTO and others work with the Friend's Commitee to keep the movement on the ground,to grow to what it needs to be?
    Herein,the plans have to be made to spend the maintenance resources for war and mass incineration of humanity for peace,jobs and sustainability.
    Peace must interpenetrate all issues,the way W.E.B. Du Bois and Paul Robeson's Peace Information Center planned,until undermined by the imperalism's agents of inhumanity.
    The modern movement for denuclearization has amazing potential to free humankind from its old nemeses of anti-communism and underdevelopment-which imperialism has used to bring us to the brink of nuclear omnicide-to borrow from our Henry Winston.

    Posted by peaceapplause, 02/08/2011 12:10pm (4 years ago)

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