On this date in 1863, at the height of the American Civil War, 18 countries met in Geneva to create the International Red Cross.
On October 24, 1940 the 40-hour workweek went into effect under the Fair Labor Standards Act. The new law had been signed by President Roosevelt in 1938.
Today in 1889, the first nationwide school strike against corporal punishment - in Great Britain - took place.
Brown, a minister and fierce opponent of slavery, sought to obtain weapons from the arsenal to defeat the slaveocracy in the South. John Brown and his men were captured and executed.
On Oct. 15, 1965, a young Catholic Worker activist, David Miller, burned his draft card in protest of the U.S. war in Vietnam, becoming the first antiwar activist to challenge a law banning the act.
Eisenhower tried to quiet an international outcry Ghana's finance minister was refused service in a U.S. restaurant because of his skin color.
Branch managers had been asking female employees to remove their tops in exchange for money. One office featured a "boom boom room" where women were told to "entertain" clients.