Over ten years, Morales and his supporters have molded a socialist and anti-imperialist government whose future will be affected by the outcome.
Morales' MAS brought an increase in resources available to the Bolivian people as the result of a burgeoning economy.
On October 9, 1967, hirelings in the employ of Bolivian dictator Rene Barrientos, supported and instigated by the United States government via C.I.A. operative Felix Rodriguez, carried out the cold blooded murder of comandante Ernesto "Che" Guevara.
Heads of state from South America's UNASUR met in Bolivia to angrily denounce what they see as a lack of respect by the U.S. and Europe for their own national sovereignity.
Socialist-oriented projects, aimed at shoring up national independence and protecting indigenous rights, were on track. Yet the specter of governmental corruption had materialized.
An indigenous-led government at odds with an indigenous opposition exemplifies one contradiction surfacing during the fight.
Bolivia is set to pass the Law of Mother Earth, (in Spanish La Ley de Derechos de la Madre Tierra) which will grant nature the same rights and protections as humans.
The proposal for a 191 mile segment of highway that would pass through Bolivia's TIPNIS natural reserve and indigenous property is drawing strong protests and heated debate.
President Evo Morales' socialist government is close to warding off a challenge to its staying power.
International news clips regarding Italy, Yemen, Japan, Pakistan, Bolivia and Cuba.