On June 23, the European Union will be put to the test when Britain - its second-largest economy - votes on whether to stay in or bail out.
It is a hundred years since some 750 men and women threw up barricades and seized strong points in downtown Dublin, to be joined by maybe a thousand more.
Over the past year, left and center-left parties have taken control of two European countries and hold the balance of power in a third.
It is not the refugees who are posing the threat, but rather, those forces whose goals and methods all too vividly recall the rise of fascism 85 years ago.
If mass unity, transcending national borders, can indeed be built, great things can happen in Europe.
On the 13th July, the democratic elected Greek government of Alexis Tsipras was brought to its knees by the European Union.
Desperate families facing ever new obstacles from weather, hunger and thirst to barbed wire fences - these pictures hammer at emotions for one tragic week after another.
Austerity as a strategy is more than just throwing a scare into countries, it is also undermining the social contract between labor and capital that has characterized much of Europe for the past two generations.
The Ukraine is now suffering under a totalitarian regime, the head of that country's beleaguered Communist Party said.
International law guarantees the right to seek asylum; seizing boats and mass detentions are violations of this right.