Today in labor history: Soldiers flee striking Pittsburgh workers

On this day in 1877 during the Great Railroad strike, workers in Pittsburgh forced soldiers sent to quell the job action to flee the city.  The strike, which began in West Virginia, spread to Pennsylvania, Illinois, Maryland and Missouri.

Robber baron Thomas Alexander Scott of the Pennsylvania Railroad in response to the strike proposed giving the workers “a rifle diet for a few days and see how they like that kind of bread.”

On July 21 the National Guard attacked the strike killing over 20 workers. The strikers responded by setting fire to railroad cars and forcing the soldiers into one of the railroad buildings. More violence ensued the next day and 20 more strikers were massacred.

The battles continued in several cities for over a month until President Rutherford Hays put down the strike with federal troops. The work stoppage was in response to wage cuts by B & O Railroad.

Photo: via WikiMedia

 


CONTRIBUTOR

Special to People’s World
Special to People’s World

People’s World is a voice for progressive change and socialism in the United States. It provides news and analysis of, by, and for the labor and democratic movements to our readers across the country and around the world. People’s World traces its lineage to the Daily Worker newspaper, founded by communists, socialists, union members, and other activists in Chicago in 1924.

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