Hunger stalks the land: Parents skipping meals to feed their kids
Allison, 5, holds two bananas next to her mother Janeth, left, as a volunteer at the food bank Martha's Table waits to help the next guest, April 21, 2020, in Washington. Allison hopefully asked the volunteers for cereal but there was none available at the food bank that day, and she was handed a pair of bananas instead. | Jacquelyn Martin / AP

WASHINGTON (AP)—When all this started—when the coronavirus began stalking humanity like an animal hunting prey, when she and her husband lost their restaurant jobs overnight as the world shut down to hide, when she feared not being able to feed her family—Janeth went outside with a red kitchen towel.

It was Passover. Her pastor had told her about the roots of the Jewish holiday, about Israelites smearing a lamb’s blood on their doors as a sign for the plagues to pass them by. So Janeth, an immigrant from Honduras, reached up to hang the red towel over the door of her family’s apartment on the edge of the nation’s capital. It was close enough, she figured, “to show the angel of death to pass over our home.”

Pass us by, coronavirus.

And pass us by, hunger.

Empty cabinets: On the counter are two boxes of food that Janeth secured after scouring Washington food banks and churches to get enough food for her family to share with her sister. In Janeth’s sister Arlery’s house last week, one chicken was cut up into portions and each of the family of five was able to eat one meal a day. “We have to set limits on meals,” says Arely, “we have no choice.” | Jacquelyn Martin / AP

At night now, it’s the worry over food that keeps Janeth’s mind racing, and her heart, she says, hurting. “I spend hours thinking, thinking, about what we will do the next day, where we will find food the next day,” she says weeks into the coronavirus outbreak, her family’s food and cash both dwindling.

Janeth and her husband, Roberto, are part of the greatest surge in unemployment in the U.S. since the Great Depression, setting off a wave of hunger that is swamping food programs nationwide. The couple and every adult member of their extended family in the U.S. have lost their jobs in the economic lockdown prompted by the pandemic.

They are among the tens of millions in America—more than 1 out of every 6 workers—abruptly cut off from paychecks.

The Associated Press is withholding the couple’s full names because they are in the country without documentation and could face deportation. Their immigration status, their problems with English, and scanty access to the internet all combine to block them from accessing the U.S. government benefit programs that millions more newly jobless citizens are able to turn to during the outbreak.

Before the pandemic, food policy experts say, roughly one out of every eight or nine Americans struggled to stay fed. Now, as many as one out of every four are projected to join the ranks of the hungry, said Giridhar Mallya, senior policy officer at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation for public health.

Immigrants, African Americans, Native Americans, households with young children, and newly jobless gig workers are among those most at risk, said Joelle Johnson, senior policy associate at the Center for Science in the Public Interest.

“They’re more vulnerable to begin with and this situation has just exacerbated that situation,” she said.

When the global economy clamped down, Roberto, a cook in his mid-30s, and Janeth, who keeps water glasses filled at another restaurant and is in her mid-40s, spent $450 out of their final paychecks to stock up. Weeks later, their diminished cache includes two half-full five-pound bags of rice, an assortment of ramen noodles, a half-eaten bag of pasta, two boxes of cornbread mix, four boxes of raisins, and cans of beans, pineapple, tuna, corn, and soup.

Allison, 5, eats a lunch of refried beans, scrambled egg, and a handmade tortilla, at home, April 15, 2020, in Washington. It is the one meal a day that her mother can cook for their family, outside of cereal from a food bank that is quickly running out. With both of her parents out of work due to the coronavirus pandemic, they will look each day for donated food to share. Most days it is a question of whether to pay for food or bills with the dwindling funds they have remaining. Job loss, ineligibility for federal programs, language barriers, unfamiliarity with the charity network, and a lack of access to technology can keep some immigrants from getting available food aid. | Jacquelyn Martin / AP

“Cookies?” Roberto and Janeth’s 5-year-old, gap-toothed daughter Allison still asks them, always getting a gentle “no” back. “Ice cream?”

Janeth and Roberto have cut down to one meal a day themselves, skipping meals to keep their daughter fed.

On a good day recently, after Roberto landed four hours of work preparing take-home meals for a grocery store, they had enough for what constitutes a feast these days—a can of refried beans split three ways and two eggs each, scrambled. Janeth also made tortillas from their last half-bag of masa flour.

Janeth placed aluminum foil over two of the plates; she and Roberto would eat later. Tears sprang from her eyes as she watched her daughter wolf down the meal.

“Where can we get enough food? How can we pay our bills?” she asked. Then she repeated something she and her husband emphasized again and again over the course of several days: They are hard-working people.

“We have never had to ask for help before,” she said.

Janeth and Roberto also have three adult children and, as the oldest of three sisters here, she and Roberto are trying to keep a half-dozen households in the United States and Honduras fed.

By day, they race in their second-hand pickup truck from food pantries and churches to relatives’ houses. They chase tips about food giveaways or temporary jobs. They share their painstakingly acquired cartons of food with her two sisters, who themselves have a total of five young children to feed, and call their grown children with leads on food lines.

Roberto, left, and Janeth, right, adjust a face mask for their daughter Allison, 5, April 21, 2020, outside their rented basement apartment in Washington. The family has placed a red towel in their doorway hoping that the “angel of death will pass over our home,” says Janeth.| Jacquelyn Martin / AP

And they fight off despair. “We don’t have help. We don’t know how it will end,” Janeth said.

On a recent day, Janet and Roberto’s breakfast is coffee and a few crackers. Allison eats cereal, a favorite provided by a food bank.

Soon after, Roberto and Allison, who is sporting pink sparkly sneakers, are among the first in line outside a D.C. food pantry. In line with them: a young African-American man newly unemployed and seeking aid for the first time and two foreign-born nannies with their clients’ children in tow. The women now are only intermittently used—and paid—by their employers and need help feeding their own children at home.

Allison, 5, rubs noses with her mother, Janeth, on the back steps of their building, April 15, 2020, in Washington. | Jacquelyn Martin / AP

Roberto is happy to leave with a bag of bananas, some spaghetti, tomato sauce, and other staples.

Another day, Roberto and Allison stay inside the truck while Janeth heads out in a cold drizzle to approach a church said to be providing food. She struggles to read the sign in English posted on the door, then calls the numbers listed. No one answers.

Later, loading their pickup truck to take food to Janeth’s sisters, husband and wife dip into the pockets of their jeans to display the cash they have left—$110 total.

That’s gas money. Without that, living on the outskirts of town, there’s no getting to food banks, to one-day cash jobs, to stranded relatives facing eviction and hoping for food.

On the drive to Janeth’s sisters in Baltimore, Janeth hands Allison a small container of applesauce. The girl savors each taste, dipping in her finger, licking every last bit. “More?” she asks hopefully, tilting the container toward her mother.

Janeth answers regretfully, tenderly. No more.


Ellen Knickmeyer
Ellen Knickmeyer

Associated Press reporter covering nexus of policy and environment, EPA, Interior, Energy, NRC.

Jacquelyn Martin
Jacquelyn Martin

Staff photojournalist at the Associated Press.