Paul Lynch novel ‘Prophet Song’: A wake-up call for democracy
Author Paul Lynch

Oh, oh, people of the earth
Listen to the warning the seer he said
“Beware the storm that gathers here”
Listen to the wise man
—“The Prophet’s Song,” Queen, 1975

The fact that Paul Lynch’s novel Prophet Song has won the 2023 Booker Prize signifies a notable awareness regarding the dismantling of democracy in the Western world. It underscores the realization that the erosion of democratic principles is a pressing concern that transcends borders and could impact any country.

While dystopias are not a new concept, Lynch distinguishes himself by projecting this descent into darkness onto contemporary Ireland. Rather than imagining a distant time or place, the narrative unfolds in the present—right here, right now.

It all begins with a sudden clampdown on the Teachers Union of Ireland. Their officials have planned a protest march, and the government will not have it. Swiftly, the leaders disappear, never to be seen again. From here, matters rapidly go from bad to worse to disastrous. And just when readers think things cannot deteriorate any further, more catastrophes strike. Through the eyes of microbiologist Eilish Stack, the author shows a world of one-time perceived security unraveling and finally disintegrating completely.

Eilish Stack is married to the full-time union official Larry, both are employed, have four children, and command a middle income. It is from Eilish’s perspective that the story is told, and this vista does not expand. What happens outside of Eilish’s world is too vague to form an important part of the narrative. Working-class people who touch on the narrative are described entirely as she perceives them: “an odd-jobs man from the flats nearby, an ex-junkie with hardly a tooth in his mouth, she cannot recall his name, last year Larry gave him twenty quid to clean the gutters,” or a child with “the quick eyes and feral manner of a youngster from the flats.” No suggestion that long before, these people may well have experienced the heavy hand of the law. However, Eilish is experiencing the arbitrary nature of the state for the first time. It makes her and Larry question their belief in democracy.

“Look at you lot, she says, the unions bowed and silent, and at least half the country in support of this carry-on and casting the teachers as villains— Something inchoate within her knowledge has spoken and she feels afraid, she can hear it now and speaks it silently to herself. All your life you’ve been asleep, all of us sleeping and now the great waking begins.”

Eilish joins protests, approaches lawyers, but above all tries to keep up a semblance of normality for her children, and, fearing for their safety, she discourages active resistance. The rapid deterioration of order is mirrored formally by the absence of paragraphs and a clear delineation of often extensive dialogue, placing the responsibility on readers to impose structure on a narrative that appears orderless.

From other characters around Eilish, readers gain some indication of how the country has found itself in its current state. Two years ago, the electorate had voted in the National Alliance Party (NAP). They established a new branch of the secret police, the Garda National Services Bureau (GNSB), and introduced emergency legislation only two months ahead of the novel’s action. Among the more astute political observations are those from Eilish’s father, Simon, who otherwise suffers from dementia. For example, he comments about his newspaper: “I don’t know why I still read this thing, he says, there is nothing in it but the big lie.” Simon also comments on how the ruling ideas are the ideas of the ruling class:

“if you change ownership of the institutions then you can change ownership of the facts, you can alter the structure of belief, what is agreed upon, that is what they are doing, Eilish, it is really quite simple, the NAP is trying to change what you and I call reality, they want to muddy it like water, if you say one thing is another thing and you say it enough times, then it must be so, and if you keep saying it over and over people accept it as true—this is an old idea, of course, it really is nothing new, but you’re watching it happen in your own time and not in a book.”

However, Simon is not heard. Politically aware readers search in vain for any information regarding the exact nature of this party or, more to the point, who stands behind it.

One ominous clue is that a NAP member parachuted to top management at Eilish’s workplace is Paul Felsner—a German name connoting “rock.” The Nazi allusion is further contained in the Party’s name, which is remarkably like the NSDAP. However, unlike, for example, the dystopian novels of Margaret Atwood, no link is made between the regime and powerful corporations, no link between money and power, no link between money and wars. Readers are asked simply to accept that a police state has sprung up for no apparent reason, which now controls the population through a political party, its Gestapo-like secret police, and the ever obliging and increasingly gagged media. The judiciary too is government-controlled. Anne Devlin, whose name brings to mind the United Irishmen, is a pro bono solicitor for the imprisoned: “She says the government has taken control of the judiciary by putting their own people in.” It would have been interesting to develop this line of rebel tradition in the novel.

German pastor Martin Niemöller famously stated, “When the Nazis came for the communists, I remained silent; I was not a communist”—going on in this vein through social democrats, trade unionists, Jews, and then ends, “When they came for me, there was no one left to speak out.”

Prophet Song opens with the targeting of trade unionists, and although there is a clandestine and growing resistance movement, we hear little of its character. In fact, as the novel’s events descend into chaos, it is suggested that the resistance movement is “making up the rules as they go along, they’re just as bad as the regime.” Indeed, developments toward the end of the novel bear this out. The civilian population are the victims in a scenario that is informed by the lives of refugees. There is no real indication that these things can be understood: People are simply presented as powerless victims of unfathomable forces. That such wars, such regimes arise from quite specific, mostly Western-created circumstances, is not Lynch’s subject. He possibly creates more empathy for the afflicted by suggesting what is happening to them could happen in Ireland, but redress is to be found exclusively in the West: People who can afford to, flee to Canada, Northern Ireland (!), England, the U.S., Australia.

How credible is the Irish setting? Ireland has had associations with fascism in its history—censorship, emergency legislation, and the banning of political parties from the media with Section 31. Today, there is great unease about increasingly authoritarian developments around the world, and Europe is no exception. In Germany, for example, the defense minister recently stated, “We must become fit for war,” while the state is becoming more and more restrictive toward its own people.

Ireland, too, has had instances of harassing and threatening employees in the university sector, for example, who opposed EU treaties. Then there is the blanket censorship of any voices that dare to question NATO’s stance on the Ukrainian conflict, the imposition of new intrusive “hate crime” laws to police all of this, and similar contentious issues.

Towards the novel’s end, Eilish realizes: “I can see now that what I thought of as freedom was really just struggle and that there was no freedom all along.” The civic space is narrowing here as elsewhere in Europe, and a work like Prophet Song underlines how this trajectory might unfold. Referring to the novel’s title, Lynch writes in its concluding section:

“the prophet sings not of the end of the world but of what has been done and what will be done and what is being done to some but not others, that the world is always ending over and over again in one place but not another and that the end of the world is always a local event, it comes to your country and visits your town and knocks on the door of your house and becomes to others but some distant warning, a brief report on the news, an echo of events that has passed into folklore”

In contrast, Queen’s “The Prophet’s Song” anticipates a global apocalypse:

The earth will shake, in two will break
And death all round will be your dowry
Ah, ah, people of the earth
Listen to the warning the seer he said

Paul Lynch’s Cassandra call has touched a nerve among the middle classes. May it be a wake-up call.

Paul Lynch
Prophet Song
Atlantic Monthly Press, 2023
320 pp., $26
ISBN-13 978-0-8021-6301-1

We hope you appreciated this article. At People’s World, we believe news and information should be free and accessible to all, but we need your help. Our journalism is free of corporate influence and paywalls because we are totally reader-supported. Only you, our readers and supporters, make this possible. If you enjoy reading People’s World and the stories we bring you, please support our work by donating or becoming a monthly sustainer today. Thank you!


Jenny Farrell
Jenny Farrell

Dr. Jenny Farrell is a lecturer and writer living in Galway, Ireland. Her main fields of interest are Irish and English poetry and the work of William Shakespeare. She is an associate editor of Culture Matters and also writes for Socialist Voice, the newspaper of the Communist Party of Ireland.